COMMON SKIN INFECTIONS AND THEIR TREATMENTS
The skin is the largest organ in the body according to a cellulite disappear guide pdf. It provides extensive coverings to all body parts. This makes it exposed to a lot of pathogens or foreign substances some of which may be harmful.
Bacteria, fungi and other microbes are some of the causative agents of most skin diseases. When skin infections are not properly treated, they put the victims in great pains and discomfort. Most skin infections are also contagious. They spread easily to other people if adequate care is not provided.
Cellulite occurs when fat deposits accumulate under the skin. When these fat deposits and bodily fluids push up against the skin, tissue that supports and attaches the skin to muscles, bones, and other internal structures pulls down. This causes the characteristic dimpled appearance of cellulite.
A lot of concerns have been expressed by women on how to make cellulites disappear. Others have asked questions on whether cellulites will ever disappear. All these questions have been addressed in this piece however.
Cellulite is more common in women due to differences in the way tissues are distributed in women bodies.
As at now, health experts have not been able to discover the main reason why cellulite appears in some people but fails to appear in others; although heredity is believed to play an important role in development of cellulite.
Poor circulation, increased sensitivity to fluctuations of hormone such as estrogen, and general weaknesses in body tissues may be associated with the appearance of cellulite. Estrogen levels may play a role in the development of cellulite.
Treatment of cellulite is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Regular exercises and a good nutrition plan can help fight cellulite. Fruits such as apple, cucumber and watermelon should be incorporated into the diet.
- Staphylococcus and Streptococcus
Several skin infections are caused by these groups of bacteria. They are spread while people are hospitalized or living in a nursing home, while gardening, or while swimming in a pond, lake, or ocean.
Some people are at particular risk of developing skin infections. For example, people with diabetes are likely to have poor blood flow, especially to the hands and feet, and the high levels of sugar (glucose) in their blood decrease the ability of white blood cells to fight infections.
Prevention involves keeping the skin undamaged and clean. When the skin is cut or scraped, the injury should be washed with soap and water and covered with a sterile bandage. Doctors recommend that people do not use antibiotic ointments (prescription or nonprescription) on uninfected minor wounds because of the risk of developing an allergy to the antibiotic
This is a spreading bacterial infection of the skin and the tissues that lie immediately beneath the skin.
Victims experience redness, pain, and tenderness over an area of skin. Other people develop fever, chills, and other more serious symptoms.
Antibiotics are needed to treat the infection. Prompt treatment with antibiotics can prevent the bacterial infection from spreading rapidly and reaching the blood and internal organs. Antibiotics that are effective against both streptococci and staphylococci (such as dicloxacillin or cephalexin) are used.
If doctors suspect methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection, treatment may include antibiotics such as trimethoprim with sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin, or doxycycline by mouth. People with mild cellulitis may take antibiotics by mouth.
Folliculitis is a superficial infection of the hair follicles characterized by erythematous, follicular-based papules and pustules. Furuncles are deeper infections of the hair follicle characterized by inflammatory nodules with pustular drainage, which can coalesce to form larger draining nodules.
Topical treatment with clindamycin 1% or erythromycin 2%, applied two or three times a day to affected areas, coupled with an antibacterial wash or soap, is adequate for most patients with folliculitis.
Systemic antistaphylococcal antibiotics are usually necessary for furuncles and carbuncles, especially when cellulitis or constitutional symptoms are present. Small furuncles can be treated with warm compresses three or four times a day for 15 to 20 minutes, but larger furuncles and carbuncles often warrant incision and drainage.
Dermatophytosis refers to infection with fungi, organisms with high affinity for keratinized tissue, such as the skin, nails, and hair. Trichophyton rubrum is the most common dermatophyte worldwide.
For most patients, topical treatment with terbinafine or econazole cream is adequate when applied twice daily for 6 to 8 weeks. For onychomycosis, tinea capitis, and extensive dermatophyte disease, systemic treatment is often necessary.
Candidiasis refers to a diverse group of infections caused by Candida albicans or by other members of the genus Candida. These organisms typically infect the skin, nails, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal tract, but they also cause systemic disease.
For candidal intertrigo and balanitis, topical antifungal agents such as clotrimazole, terbinafine, or econazole cream, applied twice daily for 6 to 8 weeks, is usually curative when coupled with aeration and compresses. For thrush, the treatment is nystatin suspension or clotrimazole troches four to six times daily until symptoms resolve.